Urban mobility policy aims to ensure that people can access their destinations in an affordable, environmentally friendly and safe way in urban areas. To help policy making, there is a need for a better understanding of the growing mobility demand and its repercussions on people, the economy and the environment. In this domain, our key areas of research are travel behaviour analysis, impact assessment of mobility interventions, participatory transport planning for urban mobility and scenario planning.
Our researchers investigate the driving forces behind mobility choices at the level of the individuals and different groups of society by analysing data on travel behaviour. Additionally, we investigate how this behaviour can be influenced to promote a modal shift to sustainable modes of transport.
Our experience covers research on professional mobility (e.g. the use of company cars), the impact of pedestrianization on travel behaviour in the centre of Brussels, the in-depth analysis of modal choice and travel behaviour in Brussels, teleworking and the influence of activities during travelling on the value of travel time (travel-based multitasking).
Our tools and analysis help decision makers to understand the impact of different mobility measures through the evaluation of the impact on sustainability and the stakeholders involved. We aim to highlight the impact of new technologies and business models (such as shared mobility, mobility as a service, ridesharing) on society and provide recommendations on creating an inclusive and user-centric mobility system.
The evaluation techniques we use include social cost-benefit analysis and multi-criteria analysis. The Multi-Actor Multi-Criteria Analysis (MAMCA) allows us to consider the preferences of different stakeholders simultaneously and highlights possible synergies and conflicts across a broad range of actors. Furthermore, the competence-based multi-actor multi-criteria analysis developed in the MOBRU project can be used to assess stakeholder preferences in politically complex multi-level decision contexts.
We think that future mobility policies should be developed together with stakeholders and specifically with citizens. Therefore, we research how citizens can co-create solutions to their local mobility problems. We also investigate how citizens can be empowered to collect and analyse data from their surroundings by setting up and testing citizen observatories, i.e. an online platform to enable smartphone-based data collection campaigns.
The future is uncertain: disruptive technologies (e.g. autonomous driving) and business models (e.g. shared free-floating bikes, cars and e-scooters) can change the urban mobility landscape from one day to another. Scenario planning can uncover the probable, plausible and desired pathways to deal with the uncertainties of the future in urban mobility.
We help decision makers to prepare for whatever uncertainties the future may bring by co-creating scenarios. Participatory scenario building can help to take into account the diverse views of the stakeholders and help to create a desirable future that appeals to most of them.